Norway's capital city plans to eliminate road-related deaths entirely.
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Oslo, the capital city of Norway, had a road toll of one person in 2019, with not a single pedestrian, cyclist or child death from road-related causes.

According to The Sydney Morning Herald, the one fatality was a driver who crashed into a railing at a train station, bringing Oslo's road fatality rate to 0.1 deaths per 100,000 people.

That compares to 1.9 fatalities per 100,000 people in Sydney's greater metropolitan area, The SMH reported.

Overall, Australia's road toll rose by 47 people in 2019, bringing it to 1182 deaths.

Norway boasts some of the safest roads in the world, according to the Road Safety Annual Report for 2019, which described Norway's recent reductions in deaths as "remarkable".

Previously, during the period between 2010 and 2017 Norway nearly halved its number of road deaths from 208 to 107.

Also notable is the fact that in 2019 not a single child under the age of 16 died on the road anywhere in Norway, something not seen since World War Two.

It's all part of the nation's plan, aptly titled 'Vision Zero', to entirely eliminate road-related deaths and serious injuries within four years.

Implemented in 2001, Vision Zero aims to have humans 'reclaim the streets' from cars.

How? Speaking to SmartCitiesWorld, the Governing Mayor of Oslo, Raymond Johansen, explained: "We have reduced the speed limit for cars, reduced parking opportunities in the city centre, built more speed bumps, closed certain streets for car traffic and are rolling out car-free zones around schools.

“I also believe technology will make transportation easier and safer. In Oslo, we are testing autonomous vehicles as public transportation on selected routes."

As for the countries and cities with the highest rates of road-related deaths, the Road Safety Annual Report found that, based on validated data alone, the highest fatality risk was in Chile.

In Chile, there were 3.8 road deaths per 10,000 motorised vehicles, which was 15 times that of Norway's risk.