The indictment relates to the sale of diesel vehicles within French jurisdictions between 2009 and 2015.
It is unclear if Australian-delivered examples were mechanically-identical to those sold in Europe at the time, and thus subject to the same contention over environmental compliance.
A representative for the local distributor of Citroen in Australia declined to comment on the scandal when approached by CarAdvice for further information.
Citoren was ordered to post a €10 million (AU$16 million) bail to French authorities, and guarantee a further €30 million (AU$50 million) for potential compensation or losses pending further investigation.
In an official statement, Stellantis claimed its subsidiary was wholly innocent, saying: “The company firmly believes [the] emission control systems met all applicable requirements at the relevant times and continue to do so, and look forward to the opportunity to demonstrate that.”
“[We will] cooperate fully with the justice system in order to resolve this matter expeditiously.”