Affecting 188,302 vehicles in total, the recall relates to the cars' anti-lock braking system (ABS) software.
In a statement, Nissan said: "The ABS system pressure setting was programmed at a low pressure level to reduce system noise. In some instances the current pressure setting level can result in stopping distances that may be longer than specified on certain rough or uneven road surfaces."
In the US, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) said the change in stopping distance "may increase the risk of a crash".
A spokesperson for Nissan Australia told CarAdvice all Australian-market R52 Nissan Pathfinder vehicles affected by the issue would have the fault rectified before they arrived in dealerships.
The spokesperson said the fix simply involves an update to the vehicles’ software.
Other than the Nissan Pathfinder, the global recall also includes the 2013 Infiniti JX35 and 2014 Infiniti QX60 SUVs – neither sold here – across markets such as North America, Canada, Puerto Rico, Guam, Mexico, Korea, China, Russia and Taiwan.
Offered in front- and four-wheel drive, the fourth-generation Nissan Pathfinder is priced from $39,990.