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by Jez Spinks

The Ford Focus range will become dominated by a 1.0-litre three-cylinder turbo as Ford starts to phase out its normally aspirated units for downsized forced induction petrol engines.

The pint-sized engine, which has a block footprint the size of an A4 sheet of paper, has recently been launched in the Focus small car in Europe, with Ford Australia expected to introduce the Focus 1.0 EcoBoost in late 2013.

The three-cylinder punches well above its weight, producing either 74kW or 92kW from two engine tunes while slurping as little as 4.8 litres of fuel per 100km in a five-door Ford Focus.

It brings an improvement of about 20 per cent in fuel efficiency compared to the 1.6-litre four-cylinder found in the entry-level model of the Ford Focus range in Australia.

Ford’s vehicle line director for C-segment (small car) vehicles, Gunnar Herrmann, told CarAdvice at last week’s 2012 Geneva motor show that although the engine isn’t cheap to produce, its performance and efficiency makes it an obvious choice to become the dominant Focus engine in developed markets.

“The majority of the European market will start to substitute [with this 1.0-litre EcoBoost] so get out of the [1.6-litre] 160 iVTC,” he says. “[The 1.0-litre] is so refined, so characteristic, it’s quiet, [and] with overboost offers up to 230Nm. That’s performance you normally get with a 2.0-litre engine.

“I think [the normally aspirated 1.6-litre petrol engines] will disappear. It is certainly more technology [with the three-cylinder] but subsequently there is more cost, so you have to take this into consideration.

“But for the more sophisticated markets especially where prepared to pay it will clearly end up 100 per cent. Certainly in the C segment, if you want to downsize dramatically you have to go this route.”

The 1.0-litre EcoBoost engine is expected to make its Australian debut in the Ford EcoSport baby SUV (above) that will launch about mid 2013.

A Focus 1.0L EcoBoost model should follow after that, though the engine will also become available in the Fiesta range.

EcoBoost engines combine turbocharging and direct injection for effective performance and economy, and they’re gradually becoming the primary petrol engine family for Ford.

A 1.6-litre turbo EcoBoost engine is also available for the Focus, with a version of it also powering the new Ford Fiesta ST hot-hatch (pictured above).

In April Ford Australia will release a Falcon variant powered by a 2.0-litre four-cylinder EcoBoost engine.

  • Peanut

    Rumor – Ford Australia is going to bolt 5 of these engines together to produce a 15 Cyl – 460kw (92kw x 5) beast and wack it into the Falcon.

    • Bimmerc

      haha, that’s good one!
      but 15 cyclinders with 5 turbo, only produce 460kw is simply not good enough.

      • Karl Sass

        Yeah you’re right.
        It needs more turbos.

  • marc

    not bad – but considering how trashie some 4 cylinders sound under medium acceleration… im skeptical about  this unit… lets see what Ford can deliver

    • DAVIDZ

      who cares whats under the bonnet
      just sell the car with mpg and performance, low emissions and cheap to keep
      its like having a puppy over the glovebox capacity

  • Aus_poppa

    Why does Australia have to wait until LATE 2013 – that is nearly two years away. Especially while the Focus for Australia is being sourced from Europe it could be built into Australian earmarked production now.

    The answer is probably that, given Focus sales in Europe where it will be a top seller, they need every Ecoboost engine they can produce. But Ford australia have to learn that the way to sales here will be to up-spec the mechanicals, and not take years to actually produce mechanical sophistication like they did with Territory diesel.

  • Springvale Boi

    Obsession with an extra 0.1L fuel economy. Let’s hope it’s reliable coz an extra visit to the garage could cost $$thousands$$, gobble up any extra savings gained in 
    0.1L in fuel economy.

    • Phil

      It’s a 1.4L100km improvement in economy not 0.1

    • Springvale Boi

      Just like to add … I spotted a timing belt in the second pic above. A timing belt in 2012? An extra $800 service item, need to replace it every couple of years. Unlike timing chain which is designed to last the life of the car.

      • Fred Bear

        You need to read more about the development on this engine.
        Yes it has a timing belt, but this belt also get’s lubricated via the engine oil all the time.
        They have shown this NEW belt design can last longer than many chain systems.

        • Roger

           Plastic lubricated with oil versus steel chain, interesting…

      • Jason

        Yeah, it’s nuts. A significant portion of the theoretical savings from 4 cylinder cars evaporate when you have a 4 cylinder with timing belt vs 6 cylinder with chain.

        • Fred Bear

          How bout all you guys just watch this for more infomation:

          Instead of bagging, we should wait till it’s released here, then test drive the 1.6L and ecoboost 1L and gauge your opinions from that.

          • Ensor Planning

            Thanks for the link to that further information – answers my questions. Looks like a fantastic engine.

      • BFG101

        Except it’s not every couple of years … the interval for changing the timing belt on all the current generation Focus and Fiesta models is either 125,000 or 150,000kms.

        Which means most owners will either (a) never have to change the timing belt or (b) will pay for it to be changed once in the time they own the car.

        I don’t think it’s a big issue.

    • AndyGF

      I love it how lots of people on the web easily believe that a 2.0 litre subaru or mitsubishi engine can produce 225kw (some up to 300kw) reliably, despite the blocks being made out of recycled rusty bicycles in the case of the mitsubishi, or having the fuel injection system noah had on the ark in the subaru.

      But they cant believe that a 1.0 litre could produce 93kw reliably, or a 1.4 litre could produce 132kw reliably either?

      Double-standards; mankinds favourite flaw since dark ages, or about when last toyota was hi-tech.

      • JLS

        Those aforementioned engines have been around long enough to prove their worth. Springvale Boi was simply ‘hoping’ that these new engines would prove to be reliable too. Also, I don’t see any relevance as to why you brought up power figures.

        • Sumpguard

             Neither do I. It’s the torque figure on these tiny engines that concerns me. That’s where the load comes from.

        • AndyGF

           The same reason you “dont see any relevance as to why ( I ) brought up power figures” is the very same reason you dont see double standards…

          Firstly if you believe engine design today has anything to learn from engine designs in the early nineties, like those “proven aforementioned engines”, you are just living in the past and need to catch a wake up; which JUST happens to be mankinds second favourite flaw since the dark ages.

          Secondly ask yourself, would springvale boi be questioning that engines reliability if its ‘specific output’ (google it, i cant be bothered to explain it to you) was lower? IE: if it was a 2.4 litre engine and it was 1.4 litre/100km more efficient would he question its reliability on the ground of its economy gains?

          Lastly, if you believe that an engine “being around long enough” justifies its reliability, let me just remind you that the latest ‘totally new’ EVO engine is 2 years YOUNGER than the 2005 1.4 twin charger engines I mentioned, and the within a year the same age of Subaru STI engine (which is ‘soft as butter’ – you can quote me on that)

          Still think you have not got double standards?

        • AndyGF

          (word filter was fixed original comment posted above – thanks alborz)

          • AndyGF

            (word filter was fixed original comment posted above – thanks alborz)

          • AndyGF

            (word filter was fixed original comment posted above – thanks alborz)

  • http://twitter.com/holotropik Holotropik

    Every time I see an article talking about forced induction engines being the future I have to laugh at how V8 Supercars were chosen to be the premium race format in Australia due to them being “more applicable” to the future market in Australia.

  • marc

    oz always gets the left overs from other markets… and timing belt is just to keep service men and women in job…

  • marc

    …however all this fuel figures are theoretical and real world is different – like Honda Accord V6 and 4… same size car – fuel better in V6 coz the 4 cylinder worked much harder… usually you can put in 30% on the top of the claimed fuel use to get real figures

    • philthy

      Hasn’t got a turbo. A more appropriate comparison would be Mk 5 golf R32 vs Mk 6 Golf R. The two litre turbo is much more frugal.

    • Golfschwein

      Ah, but what are your real world figures and what are mine? What are the real world figures for a sales rep gunning it on stop/start motoring? What are the real world figures for a senior citizen whose car rarely gets warmed up beyond the church and shops? What are the real world figures for someone with a 30 kay commute who gets going at 6.30am and slips the box into sixth the moment 80km/h is reached on the freeway?

      Like nought to 100 times, the factory figures are all we have. If your driving style is right, you should be able to get very close to matching them.

      • marc

         real world figures are close to car review – test drive and – long test drive like some review companies doing… im experiencing 30% increase on the top of what is claimed…

        • Golfschwein

          You’re the same as my Dad then. Over many thousands of kilometres, he averaged 16.1l/100 km in his Falcon. I bought the car off him, reset the trip computer and have averaged 11.7l/100 km since August. When I followed an identical car just now and watched in wonderment as the brake lights flashed on and off many times over a 4 kilometre stretch of suburbia, I made a guess that he’d be doing 16.1 also.

  • jekyl & hyde

    1.0 ltr turbo is just too small for a car this size.should be more like 1.4t(cruze,vw).what happens when 4 heads get in and the a/c gets turned up?….

    • zach99zulu

       What’s the engine size matter when the performance is identical or proportionally to the gains in fuel economy?

      • jekyl & hyde

        power to weight ratio matters.a 1ltr turbo will struggle with the weight put in it and the size of this car.its too small.period.done.YOU buy one…

        • Tee Jay

           that new engine looks it is not marketed as performance kit. if it were chucking out 92kw, it is already comparable to the 1.6 unit in new focus. 

          an engine’s performance indicator should be the full plots of power vs rev and torque vs rev, not the displacement capacity. 

          • jekyl & hyde

            the article state’s this motor will “rule the roost”.the only roost it will rule is the pig pen.no private buyer will buy the thing….

        • ?????????

          Geez!!! Ya woulda thunk that them there motor boffins woulda taken that into consideration when doin their R & D wouldn’t ya????

          You is so smart to realise this without having driven the car…..

    • Sydlocal

       The 1L turbo would be much better when “4 heads get in and the a/c on” than the current 1.6L in the Focus due to the superior torque.

    • Phil

      You claim power to weight matters yet all you’ve focused on is the engine size?

      As Jay tried to tell you, this 1.0 engine matches the 1.6 for power. If your brain is unable to calculate this simple figures, ie: 74KW = 74KW and 92KW = 92KW, please keep your comments to yourself.

  • Ss1

    I average 8.8L/100km on my ’10 Aurion.. Once you drive v6’s it’s hard to drive 4 cyl cars

    • Springvale Boi

      How about once you drive a mega boost turbo, a V8, a V12 and so on ….

    • an that

      Once your driven v8’s it’s hard to drive v6’s

  • Luke Brinsmead

    Sounds like Ford is following Volkswagen’s route.

    • Sumpguard

         Not just ford. This is the future of petrol engines. Small capacity turbo or supercharged engines using far less fuel whilst providing the same power/torque as much larger ones.

           There will be many more released over the coming year or so. Hyundai/Kia are doing them too I believe.

  • Robj

    People in this segment dont car what is under the bonnet and dont understand anyway.

  • Charles

    I want to put this engine into the Subaru 360, along with other mods.

  • Pbo

    Why does the Focus seem to have been ‘glued’ together? I guess its the typical shoddy European build quality..

    You can argue, but the Corolla in Australia (Japanese made) has superior build quality.. This is something you can actually see..

  • Clevo_51

    foot print the size of an A4 piece of paper, great engine for my next go kart!

  • Andrew M

    What about the focus econetic??
    That returns 3.5L/100k

  • Jerrycan

    Fiat have already been there (too), and got down to 2 cylinders, as have have Volkswagen (with deactivation)
    I quite like Fiat valve control technology and just hope they prove to be reliable.
    Anyone heard anything regarding their reliability?

    • Robin_Graves

      Fiat multiair seems like a really clever technology. I haven’t driven one but on paper the idea seems great.  Fiat do come up with some good ideas from time to time, like common rail diesel.  I bet they are kicking themselves that they sold that tech to Bosch in the ’90s

  • Maz

    Car makers may as well offer prospective customers a clydesdale instead of an engine 1l in size! They’ve dropped displacement and engine size stupidly low to feel “green”… Ugh.. Personally, I wouldn’t trust a 1l engine (turbo or not) to lug that much weight around..

    • JamesB

      Three cylinders are crap. They’re noisy and vibrate more. Stick to four cylinders at least.

      • DAVIDZ

        Any more inside-information you can tell us about this drivetrain and vehicle?


        WHAT A D/HEAD!

    • Phil

      But it has the same power output as the current 1.6 engines!

      Plus it doesn’t “feel” green due to a engine size change, something has actually happened – ie: economy has improved by 20%.

  • zach99zulu

     Are you proving the definition of irony, or are you just that stupid?